May 18, 1998
I-commerce success requires integrating legacy systems
You may think that the name of the Internet-commerce game is getting consumers to buy online. Guess again. If you've been following I-commerce you probably realize that it is in the business-to-business sphere where the overwhelming majority of I-commerce money is going to be made throughout the next five years. But "B-to-B" is not simply consumer commerce writ large.
In the B-to-B world, the name of the game is legacy integration: How well can you get disparate computer systems to talk to one another? If you don't get that basic point, you're not alone. Many I-commerce product vendors don't, either.
The whole point of B-to-B is automating transactions between disparate companies.
For example, a manufacturing company can better coordinate its production and distribution chains if the distributors' back-end systems are intimately linked to the manufacturer's, allowing orders, shipments, and production to be managed in tandem.
Ironically, most commerce product vendors have concentrated on facilitating consumer transactions, often with little or no attention to the back-end systems that drive that commerce.
Take, for example, Lotus' Domino.Merchant 2.0 Server Pack, recently
reviewed by InfoWorld. It's a commerce application aimed at enabling
small to midsize businesses to set up online storefronts -- yet it
lacks any means of importing products or customer data into the Web
storefronts it creates. To set up a Domino.Merchant store you need
to key in your products one at a time, using the Web-based data-entry
Now, no matter how elegantly designed your data-entry screens are, typing in data that already exists in electronic form is an unacceptable waste of time. Even small businesses have legacy systems, though they may be modest Excel spreadsheets or QuickBooks files.
Too many I-commerce pioneers -- even at the enterprise level -- have launched their commerce sites with zero back-end integration, thanks to the paucity of tools available for automating this work. These poor saps are reduced to printing the orders they take from their Web sites, then carrying the printouts over to an order-entry terminal where someone types them in. Something does not compute.
Keep an eye on the ball
The problem with integrating legacy applications with one another is that there are so many of them -- and their implementations vary wildly from company to company. And, with a few exceptions (such as CrossWorlds Software, at http://www.crossworlds.com), there are few tools to automate the process. That means this kind of I-commerce job is often outsourced to a systems integrator or commerce-solutions provider.
Commerce product vendors that want to play in the B-to-B game need to back up their commerce products with significant levels of service, customization, and support. And, most of all, they need to enable their products to easily plug in to a wide variety of back-end systems.
Meanwhile, if you are building a B-to-B infrastructure, keep an eye on the full range of systems that you will need to integrate into it. All of your business partners are potential Internet-commerce partners, which means that some day soon, their legacy systems may be your headache, too.
Dylan Tweney edits InfoWorld's intranet and I-commerce product reviews online and in print. He welcomes your comments at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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